New Tritone Substitution Mastery Jazz Piano Techniques Mini Course - Part 1 of 3 (Podcast Episode #44)

Posted by: JAZZEDGE on August 24, 2021

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00:06 Hey guys, Willie Myette, creator of jazz edge Welcome to Episode 44 of the competent improviser podcast. I got a special episode here for you today. In fact, we got three special episodes coming back to back. So what we're going to be focusing on is this new tritone substitution mastery jazz piano techniques mini course long title Yes, I know. But in this three part series, I'm going to show you how to actually understand how to use and how to master your tritone substitution. So if you've always wondered about try tones, and want to know how to use them in your playing, well, this is going to be the episode for you. Alright, so let's dive right in here and talk about these trade tones. And I'm going to show you how to get the music and everything on all of this in a little bits. But let's let's dive into the lesson. First of all, Alright, so first of all, there's many different ways of thinking about your tritons. Well, first of all, there's just the interval of a tryout. So just like you might have an interval of a major third, a perfect fifth, I'm sorry, a perfect fourth, perfect family, no major six, minor six, whatever, you know, those are all intervals, we'll try tone is an interval as well. And there's a couple of different ways of getting to the interval of the tritone. The first way is start with your octaves. And all you're doing is just moving 01:25 the halfway point in the octave, right? So C to F sharp. That's your try chunk. The other way is start on a note, let's say See here, alright, and go up 123 whole steps. Right. Now the example that I have here is A and B flat. So if I start on E, and I go up 123, whole steps, you'll see that now I have a tried tone, gate, that is the interval of a tried tone, or a try tone interval, we can also think of that interval as being an augmented fourth, or a diminished fifth, or we call it a tritone. Some people might call it an augmented fourth or a diminished fifth, but a tried tone is also the name for it as well. Okay, so that is the interval of a tritone, you will find that interval within your chords. For instance, this chord right here, if I put a C underneath it, that would be a C seven chord, and you see that with the C seven chord, the third and the seventh form the interval of a tritone. Okay, but bear in mind that that interval of a tritone is not a tritone substitution just yet. This is just the interval of a tritone. Alright, so now let's move on. And let's talk about our tritone substitution. Going back to this same example of the E and the B flat and the right hand along with C in the left hand, that creates my C seven chord, right, so that's the third and the seventh, right, the E and the B flat. If I just change the route down here, from C, down to G flat, it now becomes a G flat seven chord. Okay, so now what I've done is I've changed the C seven chord, to a G flat seven chord, I am substituting the C seven with a G flat instead, that is my tritone substitution. So one way of looking at this is when I have a dominant seventh chords, okay, so in this case, a C seven chord, if I go a tritone, away from the root of that chord, so remember, a tritone away from C is F sharp, or G flat, right? Okay, so when I go a tritone away, and I play that route, instead of the C seven route, that gives me my tritone substitution, the chord in the right hand, the third and the seventh. Still work over that G flat. In fact, interestingly enough, look at what happens here. So on a C seven chord, again, my left hand is playing the root, see, my right hand is playing E and B flat, which is the third and the seventh of my C seven chord. Alright, so in the right hand, that is the third and the seventh of C seven. If I change the route in my left hand to G flat, well guess what the E now becomes the seventh and the B flat becomes the third of the G flat chord to see how they flip there. Okay, so on a C seven chord, E and B flat is the third and seventh of the chord, G flat seven, E and B flat is the seventh. And the third. No, don't worry if you still don't get the tritone substitution yet because over the next course of these next three videos, you're going to we're going to go through a bunch of different examples and whatnot. I also have a bunch of sheet music available as well. If you want to get that sheet music, you could just go right on back to jazz slash try tone. You can also just go ahead and take a look at that card that just popped up in the YouTube video and that will take you right on back to that site as well but it's jazz edge comm slash tri town right? You can grab the sheet music, it is absolutely free of charge for you to grab that sheet music, I suggest that you do, because there's also going to be some cool quiz stuff in here. All right. And speaking of quiz stuff, let's move on to the first quiz here. So what I'm gonna do is I'm gonna play these different intervals. Okay, and then for those of you listening on the podcast, it might be on the road, I'm also going to say the names of the notes of each of the interval and you get to figure out, is it a try tone? Or is it not a try? tone? Alright, so we have E and B flat. I'm going to help you out with this first one. We already know that well, right? is a tritone, right? Because we've been doing that we were just working on that interval. So E and B flat, this first one will be a tritone. So I just write in TT for tried tone. Okay. What about this one? I have B, an F natural? Is that a tritone? Or not? What about the next one? A flat, an E flat, a flat and E flat? What about this one? e and a, e? And a? Okay, what about this one? A flat. What do we have here? I'm sorry, f flat, and B flat. So F flat, and B flat. Now pay attention to this because it's kind of a little bit of a trick, right? So it's, remember enharmonic. f flat is the same thing as what note Okay, so that's the only hint I'm going to give you. What about this one, a flat, and C. Now some of these, you might even be able to hear whether or not it's a try tone or not. Pretty pretty quickly. What about this one, 06:36 D and A, D, and a. Next one, C sharp and G, C sharp and G. Next one, C, and F, C. 06:50 And next one, a, an E flat, a, an E flat, next one, G flat, and B sharp. And then finally, we have G and D. So when you listen to these intervals, you will start to hear the ones that sound like a try to remember the tritone is is the most tense interval that we have in music. So really, when you hear that tritone it really kind of stands out as Wow, that's that's pretty tense. Now if you're looking for the answers, well, don't worry. I wrote in all the answers in the sheet music. Again, if you want that sheet music, just go to jazz edge, comm slash try tone. Alright, so here's another one. Now here's another mini quiz. This one now is a tritone substitution. Mini quiz. Alright, so the first chord that I have here is F seven, one. Now, what is the tritone? Where would I go in the left hand in my tried tone, and what would that chord be? I'm going to help you on this first one, okay. So I have f seven, here, I have F in the left hand, and I have a, an A flat in the right hand. Well, what I want to do is I want to go a tritone away from this F, okay, so I can think 123 whole steps up to B, I could also think halfway point in the octave, I could also start an F and then just count up 123456, half steps. Alright, I can do it that way. But if I go from F, and I put a, b underneath there, right, so now if I just write in a, b right there, then this chord right here becomes B seven. And guess what? That is my tritone. So an F seven chord, and a B seven chord share the same guide tones. Remember, our guide tones are the third and the seventh of a chord, third, and the seventh of a chord. So F seven and B flat share the same guide tones, same notes, but the function of the guide tone changes. Remember, when we move the beat when we move to B seven, that seventh? Okay is now the A, which was the third on the f7 chord. Alright, now there's something else to, you know, to really think about here. And that is that some students are going to be asking, alright, well wait a second, I understand the tritone substitution, I understand that I could do f7 or I can change the route to b and it becomes B seven. Well, what if I had like an F minor chord Could I then like change the route to b and it becomes some kind of B chord or if I had an F major chord, and I change the root does it become something else? Now it really just works on the dominant chords, okay, so it's just on the dominant chords that we do these tritone substitutions, we really don't do tritone substitutions on other chords. Now I am going to show you in this mini course, how there are ways of preceding these other chords with their tritone substitution, right and it's a really cool thing we're going to be talking about that over all the things you are. And it's it really makes the song sound really, really hip. Alright, so let's move on to the next one here d seven. Okay, so go to the tritone of D seven. And what would you get? I'm going to let you do that we will talk about the answers. I'll give you all the answers in next podcast episode. All right, so the episode 45. What about g7? What's the tritone away from g7? And then moving on, what about B flat seven? What's a tritone away from B flat seven, and then E flat seven, what's a tritone away from E flat seven. And then finally, a flat seven. I'm just going to fix this and harmonic here, 10:44 a flat seven, what's a tritone away from a flat seven. And I'm going to even help you out I'm going to keep that C 10:52 and F sharp there for the next one, just to help you out for the end harmonics. Alright, so you ate a flat seven? What's a tritone? away from a flat seven? Like I said, all of these things are answered. I'm not going to show you the answers. Okay, I'm going to let you try and figure out the answers on your own. But if you want to get that answer sheet, just again, go ahead right back to jazz slash Triton. Alright, so now let me show you this cycle for Triton exercise, this is a great exercise to work on. Let me play it for you. And then we will break it down here. So I'm actually going to play the right hand down. 11:38 This goes through about half of them. And that you end up hitting all 12 chromatic tones, but then you could also start them started on C sharp D flat and then kind of go through the cycle again as well, to get those same voicings, right, so what's happening in the right hand, right hand, I'm playing my third and my seven, for C seven. Okay, and then I go into my app seven, again, third and seventh. And then this is going to help you just get down these try tones because the right hand, guess what is playing all try tones. The interval on the right hand is all a tritone. So E to E flat is a tritone E flat A is a tritone deed a flat is a tritone. These are your tritone intervals. Okay, we are not doing a tritone substitution, right. Now if I wanted to, I could do a tritone substitution, I'm going to show it to you, but it is not written in here. So rather than playing c underneath here, I could change that route to a flat and then 12:50 to A to A, C to A, B flat, a flat. See, and so for those of you that are a little bit more advanced players, just know that that first chord, the C seven, you could change that into its try to guess what you can also do that for the next chord as well. Rather than C seven to F seven, change the root in the left hand. Okay, so change this F to its tritone. Well what is a tritone away from F, 13:26 B flat, a flat so you could do lots of do your try tones. Or wait a minute Willie, it's moving way too fast. Explain that to me again. Alright, so let's go through and let me explain this exercise to you again. Alright, so first of all, we can do just our typical cycle for motion. Remember cycle for motion is opposite it's counterclockwise motion on the circle of fifths. Typically the circle of fifths goes clockwise. cycle for motion goes counterclockwise, right? So if I just pull up my circle of fifths chord chart real quick here, we try and find it here if I can find this thing real fast for you because it might make it just a little bit easier for you to see. Here we go. Alright, so here's my circle of fifths. You notice that I start on C, and typically the circle of fifths moves clockwise or to the right goes C then g than D than a then about okay, but you see here in the circle of fifths chart, it's written as done minute motion to the left, and going to the left gives me my cycle four. Okay, so that's C to F to B flat to E flat to a flat to D flat. That's my cycle for motion, right, C to F, F to B flat, B flat to E flat. Alright, and that's what's going on here, I am going from my seat to my app, my Flat, flat, and I'm playing them all as dominant chords, and the chord voicing and I'm doing in the right hand, it's just a very simple chord voicing, it's just the third and the seventh of the chord. When I moved to the f7, rather than picking up my hand, and coming up to the third and the seventh of the court, I just make it easy for myself. And instead, I move to the seventh and the third. And I do the third and seventh of B flat and and then I moved to the seventh and the third of E flat, then I do the third and the third and the seventh of a flat, and then move to the seventh, the third of the flat, and so on and so forth. Okay. All right, so that's just my typical cycle for dominant motion. So then the first thing I can do is I can replace this first chord with its tritone and a tritone, away from C is G flat. And guess what, you're just going to be moving down by half steps. So it's going to go G flat to F, and then guess what the B flat is going to be E that goes to E flat, the a flat is going to be a D, so C, G flat, F, E flat, D, D flat, right, so you see how you're going G flat, B flat, D flat, B flat, a, a flat. And then finally, and again, see, the right hand stays exactly the same, the only thing that's changing are these left hand roots, okay, and by changing the left hand root, you're also changing the name of the chord. So if I change this, from a C, to a G flat, right, that chord is no longer a C seven chord, instead, I would call that chord, a G, flat seven. Okay, that's a G flat seven chord. So now I can go G flat seven, to F seven, change the route to eat, guess what, it becomes e seven. Now E flat seven, change the route to D, because D seven, D flat. 17:24 It seems like you can play around with this. You can have a lot of fun messing around with these, you know with these exercises. Now the next thing you could do is keep that first chord as is keep the C seven I keep that right like that. But instead the F change that one to its try tone, that would be a B and then by changing that root to be this now becomes a B seven chord, C to B, B flat to A, B flat, D flat, E flat, D flat. So like I said, if you want this sheet music, you can grab all that sheet music by just going back to jazz edge comm slash try tone, or like I said, Just take a look at that card that just popped up, the music is absolutely free, I would definitely suggest downloading it and he got nothing to lose and everything to gain by grabbing the music. So I definitely suggest that you take a look at that music. Alright, so that's it for today's exercise, what I would like you to do is really just kind of let this whole idea of the tritone kind of wash over you don't worry if you don't fully understand, we got two more episodes that are going to be focusing on try tones. So we're really going to kind of dive into this and look at it from many different vantage points, right, but grabbing the sheet music is going to help for sure. And in doing those quizzes will help. And then remember, if you want to watch these videos in the podcast, just subscribe to my YouTube channel. They're right on the YouTube channel, there's a playlist for them and and also, don't forget about jazz piano daily. If you would like to get some free daily jazz piano lessons, absolutely free of charge. Go back to jazz piano and I'm going to have 45 days of sheet music again, available absolutely free of charge so you can find all that information right back at jazz piano we go live in earnest come September 1 2021. So if you go there before then you know you'll see a sign up, but we're just not completely live yet. But still, you can go ahead and put your name in there and then you'll get those free lessons. Alright, so anyway, thank you Well very much for joining me. I look forward to seeing you next in that next podcast episode.

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